More than 20 years have passed since the first political considerations were made to corporatise the German civil air navigation services and transform them into an organisation under private law while, at the same time, integrating regional military air traffic control. German civil-military integration has been a model for others and has shaped aviation history in Germany. It is exemplary in Europe and highly regarded at an international level.
DFS has been entrusted by law with the control of German civil and military air traffic in peacetime, while taking due account of military interests. The law only exempts local military air traffic control services at military aerodromes, including military aerodromes also used by civil aviation. In states of tension and defence, however, the armed forces are entitled to perform air traffic control functions in Germany.
An interdepartmental agreement between the Federal Ministry of Transport and the Federal Ministry of Defence concerning the cooperation in the field of air traffic control laid the foundation for this law and the necessary amendment of the German Constitution. Previously organised as two separate services, civil-military cooperation has meanwhile developed into an efficient and integrated system. The development of flexible airspace management has brought considerable benefits to both civil and military air traffic.